After the successful debut of the first issue of the new magazine IUS ROMANUM, dedicated to Augustus on the occasion of two millennia since his death, we are pleased to present the second issue of 2015, dedicated to the Roman jurisdiction. IURISDICTIO is a term of the Roman law, which was adopted in modern languages to indicate the activities of the judicial authorities in civil, criminal and administrative cases. In ancient Rome that notion had a different use, especially in the period of the Republic, where civil jurisdiction was organized on the arbitrary principle, and ius dicere was applied only to the activities of the praetor in organizing the process. Close to its modern sense, the term is used for the cognitio extra ordinem in the postclassical period.
The interest in the topic is dictated by several reasons. In the first place is the commitment of the modern jurisdiction with the development of the law in all historical periods from the beginning of the Roman state and its legal system. According to one of the main theories of Roman legal science, the term IUS comes from some religious ritual formulas, with which the parties make vows and put their dispute to be resolved by the competent authorities.
Moreover, in the field of justice, there is a significant succession of the procedural institutes, which determines the Roman legal tradition in the modern law. This is confirmed by the great interest of the authors who gave their articles for the second issue of our magazine, which along with Roman legal problems, present also many topics referred to the Bulgarian legal system.
The number of authors in this issue is almost double. Once again some of the most prominent authors are participating, and their works set some of the most interesting questions on the topic of IURISDICTIO. Along with these works, some articles of the colleagues from the Faculty of Law at Sofia University are published. Our colleagues responded with sincere interest and scientific rigor to the invitation to participate in the project of presenting the Roman legal tradition in the contemporary civil procedure.
The topics of the articles are very heterogeneous, and we have decided to separate them into two main groups: Roman law and Roman legal tradition in modern law. They are arranged in the order of their entry in the edition as it would be difficult to apply another systematic criterion.
We hope that with this issue of the magazine IUS ROMANUM we will provoke even greater interest in the field of Roman law and its continuity in the legal systems of modern Europe and Bulgaria.